Electronics › Electronics › Signal Integrity
- This topic has 7 replies, 2 voices, and was last updated 10 years, 10 months ago by AJISH ALFRED.
May 15, 2012 at 9:39 am #1803
Hi Fellow Engineers,
Signal Integrity is an very important phenomenon in all board level hardware designs.
Share your knowlegde on Signal Integrity. Let all fellow engineers know how important is it.May 16, 2012 at 12:46 pm #7836
Folks if you are a hardware design engineer, you will face many questions on signal integrity.May 16, 2012 at 12:50 pm #7837
In the realm of digital design, signal integrity has become a critical issue, and is posing increasing challenges to the design engineers. Many signal integrity problems are electromagnetic phenomena in nature and hence related to the EMI/EMC.
The term Signal Integrity (SI) addresses two concerns in the electrical design aspects, the timing and the quality of the signal. Does the signal reach its destination when it is supposed to? And also, when it gets there, is it in good condition? The goal of signal integrity analysis is to ensure reliable high-speed data transmission. In a digital system, a signal is transmitted from one component to another in the form of logic 1 or 0, which is actually at certain reference voltage levels. At the input gate of a receiver, voltage above the reference value Vih is considered as logic high, while voltage below the reference value Vil is considered as logic low. Any delay of the data or distortion of the data waveform will result in a failure of the data transmission.
However, as speed increases,high-frequency effects take over and even the shortest lines can suffer from problems such as ringing, crosstalk,reflections, and ground bounce, seriously hampering the integrity (response) of the signal. You can overcome these issues by following good design techniques and simple layout guidelines of signal integrity.May 16, 2012 at 6:26 pm #7841
Thanks for sharing this. Is there any particular method for ensuring signal integrity, applicable for all areas of communication? What can we do incase of a PCB designed for high frequency application?May 17, 2012 at 4:41 am #7842
There are many software tools like Altera, Mentor Graphics e.t.c for high speed communication PCB designs.May 18, 2012 at 6:05 pm #7853
Alright, but I mean is there anything that we can do on the harware itself, like using a decoupling capacitor ?May 24, 2012 at 8:04 am #7893
Following points has to be taken care at hardware design level:
> Physical Isolation of sensitive components from noisy components.
> Control over Impedence,reflection & termination on signal traces.
> The use of solid planes for power & ground.
> Routing of signals to avoid right angle corners and stub traces.
> Routng of differential pairs to achive length matching.
> maintain distance between parallel traces to avoid cross talk.
> power supply de-coupling using capacitors.May 24, 2012 at 5:43 pm #7896
Alright, now I understood why PCB designing is a seperate course itself of 6 months and more.
Thanks for the information. Its all theory, but to implement those things properly, one should have several years of experience in the field, don’t you think.
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